The literature on Agathis is extensive and scattered. The references listed below represent only a small proportion of published work on the genus, but together offer a good introduction to the morphology, ecology, taxonomy and nomenclature of these wonderful trees. If you’d like this page as an EndNote bibliography, e-mail me at the address at the foot of the page.

Ahmed, M. & Ogden, J. (1987). Population dynamics of the emergent conifer Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl. (kauri) in New Zealand. I. Population structures and tree growth rates in mature stands. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 217-230.

Ash, J. (1983). Growth rings in Agathis robusta and Araucaria cunninghamii. Australian Journal of Botany 31: 269-281.

Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C., Jr. (1955). Nomenclatural note on Dammara Lmk and Agathis Salisb. Taxon 4: 195-196.

Becker, P., Davies, S. J., Moksin, M., Ismail, M. Z. H. J. & Simanjuntak, P. M. (1999). Leaf size distributions of understorey plants in mixed dipterocarp and heath forests of Brunei. Journal of Tropical Ecology 15: 123-128.

Brophy, J. J., Goldsack, R. J., Wu, M. Z., Fookes, C. J. R. & Forster, P. I. (2000). The steam volatile oil of Wollemia nobilis and its comparison with other members of the Araucariaceae (Agathis and Araucaria). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 28: 563-578.

Bruijnzell, L. A. (1988). Estimates of evaporation in plantations of Agathis dammara Warb. in south-central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Forest Science 1: 145-161.

Burns, B. R. & Smale, M. C. (1990). Changes in structure and composition over fifteen years in a secondary kauri (Agathis australis) and tanekaha (Phyllocladus trichomanoides) forest stand, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 28: 141-158.

Burrows, G. E. (1987). Leaf axil anatomy in the Araucariaceae. Australian Journal of Botany 35: 631-640.

Burrows, G. E. & Bullock, S. (1999). Leaf anatomy of Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae). Australian Journal of Botany 47: 795-806.

Burrows, G. E. (1999). Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae) possesses the same unusual leaf axil anatomy as the other investigated members of the family. Australian Journal of Botany 47: 61-68.

Burrows, G. E. (1999). Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae) possesses the same unusual leaf axil anatomy as the other investigated members of the family. Australian Journal of Botany 47: 61-68.

Cambie, R. C., Coddington, J. M., Stone, M. J., Tanaka, M., Hua, L. Y. & Arigayo, S. (1989). Diterpenoids of the wood of Agathis vitiensis. Phytochemistry 28: 1675-1680.

Carpenter, R. J. & Pole, M. (1995). Eocene plant fossils from the Lefroy and Cowan paleodrainages, Western Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 8: 1107-1154.

Cha, L. L. (1986). The anatomy of the bark of Agathis australis in New Zealand. IAWA International Association of Wood Anatomists Bulletin 7: 229-24.

Chambers, T. C., Drinnan, A. N. & McLoughlin, S. (1998). Some morphological features of wollemi pine (Wollemia nobilis: Araucariaceae) and their comparison to Cretaceous plant fossils. International Journal of Plant Sciences 159: 160-171.

Codrington, T. A., Scott, L. J., Scott, K. D., Graham, G. C., Rossetto, M., Ryan, M., Whiffin, T., Henry, R. J. & Hill, K. D. (2002). Unresolved phylogenetic position of Wollemia, Araucaria and Agathis. In Bieleski, R. (ed.) Proceedings of the IDS Araucariaceae Symposium. In press, Auckland.

Davies, B. J., O, B. I. E. W. & Murray, B. G. (1997). Karyotypes, chromosome bands and genome size variation in New Zealand endemic gymnosperms. Plant Systematics and Evolution 208: 169-185.

Dickie, J. B. & Smith, R. D. (1995). Observations on the survival of seeds of Agathis spp. stored at low moisture contents and temperatures. Seed Science Research 5: 5-14.

Doyle, M. F. (1998). Gymnosperms of the SW Pacific-I. Fiji. Endemic and indigenous species: Changes in nomenclature, key annotated checklist, and discussion. Harvard Papers in Botany 3: 101-106.

Earle, C. J. (last updated 11 June 2001). Agathis Salisb. 1807: Agathis description, in the Gymnosperm Database. At www.conifers.org/ar/ag/index.htm. Accessed 17 October, 2001.

Ecroyd, C. E. (1982). Biological Flora of New Zealand. 8. Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl. (Araucariaceae) Kauri. New Zealand Journal of Botany 20: 17-36.

Enright, N. J., Bartlett, R. M. & De, F. C. R. (1993). Patterns of species composition, recruitment, and growth within canopy gaps in two New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) forests. New Zealand Journal of Botany 31: 361-373.

Enright, N. J. & Goldblum, D. (1998). Stand structure of the emergent conifer Agathis ovata in forest and maquis, Province Sud, New Caledonia. Journal of Biogeography 25: 641-648.

Enright, N. J. & Goldblum, D. (1998). Stand structure of the emergent conifer Agathis ovata in forest and maquis, Province Sud, New Caledonia. Journal of Biogeography 25: 641-648.

Enright, N. J., Ogden, J. & Rigg, L. S. (1999). Dynamics of forests with Araucariaceae in the western Pacific. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 793-804.

Enright, N. J. (1999). Litterfall dynamics in a mixed conifer-angiosperm forest in northern New Zealand. Journal of Biogeography 26: 149-157.

Gilmore, S. & Hill, K. D. (1997). Relationships of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis) and a molecular phylogeny of the Araucariaceae. Telopea 7: 275-291.

Hanson, L. (2001). Chromosome number. karyotype and DNA C-value of the Wollemi Pine (Wollemia nobilis, Araucariaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 135: 271-274.

Hyland, B. P. M. (1978). A revision of the genus Agathis (Araucariaceae) in Australia. Brunonia 1: 103-115.

Ivory, M. H., Daruhi, G. & Dick, A. M. P. (1993). Outbreaks and new records: Vanuatu: New leaf diseases of forest trees recorded in Vanuatu. FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Plant Protection Bulletin 41: 38-39.

Ivory, M. H. & Daruhi, G. (1993). Outbreaks and new records: Vanuatu: New host records for Rigidoporus vinctus and Phanerochaete salmonicolor in Vanuatu. FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Plant Protection Bulletin 41: 39.

Jaffré, T., Veillon, J. M. & Cherrier, J.-F. (1987a). Sur la presence de deux Cupressaceae, Neocallitropsis pancheri (Carr.) Laubenf. et Libocedrus austrocaledonica Brongn. & Gris dans le massif de Paéoua et localités nouvelles de Gymnospermes en Nouvelle-Calédonie. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Série 4, section B, Adansonia 9: 273-288.

Jaffré, T., Morat, P., Veillon, J.-M. & MacKee, H. S. (1987b). Changements dans la végétation de la Nouvelle-Calédonie au cours du Tertaire: La vegetation et la flore des roches ultrabasiques. Bulletin du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Série 4, section B, Adansonia 9: 365-391.

Jaffré, T., Morat, P., Veillon, J.-M., Rigault, F. & Dagostini, G. (2001). Composition et caractérisation de la flore indigène de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Institut de recherche pour le développement, Nouméa.

Jones, W. G., Hill, K. D. & Allen, J. M. (1995). Wollemia nobilis, a new living Australian genus and species in the Araucariaceae. Telopea 6: 173-176.

Jost, T., Sell, Y. & Foussereau, J. (1989). Contact allergy to Manilla resin: nomenclature and physico-chemistry of Manilla kauri, damar and copal resins. Contact Dermatitis 21: 228-238.

Kaur, D., Konar, R. N. & Bhatnagar, S. P. (1981). Male cone development in Agathis robusta. Phytomorphology 31: 104-112.

Kershaw, P. & Wagstaff, B. (2001). The southern conifer family Araucariaceae: history, status, and value for paleoenvironmental reconstruction. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 397-414.

Kindel, K.-H. (1989). Samen der Coniferae II. Araucariaceae - Agathis Salisb., Araucaria Juss. Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 79: 107-114.

Kitamura, K. & Rahman, M. Y. B. A. (1992). Genetic diversity among natural populations of Agathis borneensis (Araucariaceae), a tropical rainforest conifer from Brunei Darussalam, Borneo, Southeast Asia. Canadian Journal of Botany 70: 1945-1949.

Kitamura, K. & Rahman, M. Y. B. A. (1994). Genecological study on Agathis borneensis Warb. in Brunei Darussalam using isozyme electrophoresis. Bulletin of the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute: 129-137.

Kochummen, K. M. (1980). The occurrence of Agathis borneensis Warburg (Damar minyak) in heath forest in Peninsular Malysia. Malaysian Forester 43: 119-123.

de Laubenfels, D. J. (1978). The Moluccan dammars (Agathis, Araucariaceae). Blumea 24: 499-504.

de Laubenfels, D. J. (1979). The species of Agathis (Araucariaceae) of Borneo. Blumea 25: 531-541.

de Laubenfels, D. J. & Silba, J. (1987). The Agathis of Espiritu Santo (Araucariaceae, New Hebrides). Phytologia 61: 448-452.

de Laubenfels, D. J. (1988). Araucariaceae. Flora Malesiana 10: 419-442.

de Laubenfels, D. J. (1996). Gondwanan conifers on the Pacific Rim. In Keast, A. & Miller, S. E. (eds). The Origin and Evolution of Pacific Island Biotas, New Guinea to Eastern Polynesia: patterns and processes. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam, pp. 261-265.

de Laubenfels, D. J. (2002). New perspectives on the division of the Araucariaceae. Oral presentation at International Symposium on the Araucariaceae, Auckland, New Zealand, organized by the International Dendrology Society.

Mabberley, D. J. (2002). The Agathis brownii case (Araucariaceae). Telopea 9: 743-754.

Manauté, J., Jaffré, T., Veillon, J.-M. & Kranitz, M.-L. (2003). Revue des Araucariaceae de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Publication IRD/Province Sud de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouméa.

Meijer-Drees, E. (1940). The genus Agathis in Malaysia. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de Buitenzorg, Série 3 16: 455-474.

Nasi, R. (1982). Essai pour une meilleure connaisance et une meilleure comprehension des Araucariacées dans la végétation Calédonienne. école Nationale des Ingénieurs des Travaux des Eaux et Forêts, Centre Technique Forestier Tropical, Nouméa.

Neil, P. E. (1990). Conservation and management possibilities for Agathis macrophylla in Vanuatu. Forest Ecology and Management 35: 239-248.

Newbery, D. M. (1991). Floristic variation within kerangas heath forest: re-evaluation of data from Sarawak and Brunei. Vegetatio 96: 43-86.

Ofman, D. J., Markham, K. R., Vilain, C. & Molloy, B. P. J. (1995). Flavonoid profiles of New Zealand Kauri and other species of Agathis. Phytochemistry Oxford 38: 1223-1228.

Ofman, D. J., Markham, K. R., Vilain, C. & Molloy, B. P. J. (1995). Flavonoid profiles of New Zealand Kauri and other species of Agathis. Phytochemistry Oxford 38: 1223-1228.

Ogden, J., Wardle, G. M. & Ahmed, M. (1987). Population dynamics of the emergent conifer Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl. (kauri) in New Zealand. II. Seedling population sizes and gap-phase regeneration. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 231-242.

Ogden, J. (1995). The long-term conservation of forest diversity in New Zealand. Pacific Conservation Biology 2: 77-90.

Owens, J. N., Catalano, G. L., Morris, S. J. & Aitken, C. J. (1995). The reproductive biology of kauri (Agathis australis): III. Proembryogeny and early embryogeny. International Journal of Plant Sciences 156: 793-806.

Owens, J. N., Catalano, G. L., Morris, S. J. & Aitken, C. J. (1995). The reproductive biology of Kauri (Agathis australis). II. Male gametes, fertilization, and cytoplasmic inheritance. International Journal of Plant Sciences 156: 404-416.

Owens, J. N., Catalano, G. L., Morris, S. J. & Aitken, C. J. (1995). The reproductive biology of Kauri (Agathis australis). I. Pollination and prefertilization development. International Journal of Plant Sciences 156: 257-269.

Page, C. N. (1980). Leaf micromorphology in Agathis and its taxonomic implications. Plant Systematics and Evolution 135: 71-79.

Pintaud, J.-C., Jaffré, T. & Puig, H. (2001). Chorology of New Caledonian palms and possible evidence of Pleistocene rain forest refugia. Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris, Sciences de la vie/Life Sciences 324: 453-463.

Pocknall, D. T. (1981). Pollen morphology of the New Zealand species of Libocedrus Endlicher (Cupressaceae) and Agathis Salisbury (Araucariaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 19: 267-272.

Poinar, G., Jr., Archibald, B. & Brown, A. (1999). New amber deposit provides evidence of early Paleogene extinctions, paleoclimates, and past distributions. Canadian Entomologist 131: 171-177.

Proctor, J., Argent, G. C. & Madulid, D. A. (1998). Forests of the ultramafic Mount Giting-Giting, Sibuyan island, The Philippines. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 55: 295-316.

Purwanto, I. & Adalina, Y. (1994). Soil fertility potential of Natural Forest Reserve Kerinci Seblat buffer zone. Buletin Penelitian Hutan: 19-32.

Radovsky, F. J., Raven, P. H. & Sohmer, S. H. (eds). (1984). Biogeography of the Tropical Pacific. Association of Systematics Collections and the Bernice P. Bishop Museum, Lawrence, Kansas, USA.

Rowett, A. I. (1991). The dispersed cuticular floras of South Australian Australia Tertiary coalfields, part 1. Sedan. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 115: 21-36.

Rowett, A. I. (1992). Dispersed cuticular floras of South Australian Tertiary coalfields: Part 2. Lochiel. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 116: 95-107.

Sem, G. & Enright, N. J. (1995). The soil seed bank in Agathis australis (D. Don) Lindl. (kauri) forests of northern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 33: 221-235.

Setoguchi, H., Osawa, T. A., Pintaud, J.-C., Jaffré, T. & Veillon, J.-M. (1998). Phylogenetic relationships within Araucariaceae based on rbcL gene sequences. American Journal of Botany 85: 1507-1516.

Smith, R. M., Marty, R. A. & Peters, C. F. (1981). The diterpene acids in the bled resins of 3 Pacific kauri, Agathis vitiensis, Agathis lanceolata and Agathis macrophylla. Phytochemistry 20: 2205-2207.

Stockey, R. A. & Taylor, T. N. (1981). Scanning electron microscopy of epidermal patterns and cuticular structure in the genus Agathis. Scanning Electron Microscopy 3: 207-212.

Stockey, R. A. (1982). The Araucariaceae: an evolutionary perspective. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 37: 133-154.

Stockey, R. A. & Atkinson, I. J. (1993). Cuticle micromorphology of Agathis Salisbury. International Journal of Plant Sciences 154: 187-225.

Stockey, R. A. (1994). Mesozoic Araucariaceae: morphology and systematic relationships. Journal of Plant Research 107: 493-502.

Stöckler, K., Daniel, I. L. & Lockhart, P. J. (2002). New Zealand kauri survives Oligocene drowning. Systematic Biology 51: 827-832.

Thorpe, T. & Neil, P. E. (1987). Forestry on Erromango Island Vanuatu. New Zealand Forestry 32: 21-23.

Tomlinson, P. B. (1994). Functional morphology of saccate pollen in conifers with special reference to Podocarpaceae. International Journal of Plant Sciences 155: 699-715.

Vasilieva, G. V. (1972). Materials on the comparative anatomy of leaf in species of Agathis Salisb. (Araucariaceae). Botanicheskii Zhurnal 57: 108-118.

Veldkamp, J. F. & de Laubenfels, D. J. (1984). (745) Proposal to reject Pinus dammara (Araucariaceae). Taxon 33: 337-347.

Warburg, O. (1900). Agathis. Monsunia, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Vegetation: 182-187, plates viii, ix.

Watanabe, U. (1998). Shriniing and elastic properties of coniferous wood in relation to cellular structure. Wood Research: 1-47.

Whitmore, T. C. (1966). The social status of Agathis in a rain forest in Melanesia. Journal of Ecology 54: 285-301.

Whitmore, T. C. (1977). A first look at Agathis. Tropical Forestry Papers 11, Commonwealth Forestry Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford.

Whitmore, T. C. (1980). A monograph of Agathis. Plant Systematics and Evolution 135: 41-69.

Whitmore, T. C. & Page, C. N. (1980). Evolutionary implications of the distribution and ecology of the tropical conifer Agathis. New Phytologist 84: 407-416.

Yii, P. C. (1995). Araucariaceae. In Soepadmo, E. & Wong, K. M. (eds). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur

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